All About Ants

pavement-ant

Pavement Ant

Size and color

The pavement ant is dark brown to blackish, and 2.5–4 mm long.

Characteristics

Like other ants there are the workers, alates, and a queen. Alates, or new queen ants and drones, have wings, and are at least twice as large as the workers.

Habitat

The pavement ant is an ant native to Europe, which also occurs as an introduced pest in North America. Its common name comes from the fact that colonies in North America usually make their homes in pavement. It is distinguished by one pair of spines on the back, two nodes on the petiole, and grooves on the head and thorax .

During early spring, colonies attempt to conquer new areas and often attack nearby enemy colonies. These result in huge sidewalk battles, sometimes leaving thousands of ants dead. Because of their aggressive nature, they often invade and colonize seemingly impenetrable areas outside their native range. In summer, the ants dig out the sand in between the pavements to vent the nests.

Food Source

They will eat almost anything, including insects, seeds, honeydew, honey, bread, meats, nuts, ice cream and cheese.

fire ants

Tropical Fire Ants(Solenopsis geminata)

Size and color

Their body is a brown to orange color and the head is more brown. The fire ant is about 4mm in length.

Characteristics

They can be differentiated from other species by their larger size and greater variability between the worker castes from minor to major workers.

Habitat

Nests are typically in moist areas such as the land near to rivers, ponds, marshes, as well as man made areas such as wet yards. The tropical fire ant is considered a nuisance in some places, particularly to farmers, as it has a formidable sting.

Food Source

Their food of preference is grass seeds. But these ants are omnivorous and will eat meat.